Tuesday, October 2, 2012

Shoulder Pains? Development, Prevention, and Treatment From Impingement to Frozen Shoulder

The shoulder is composed of several joints between the collarbone, shoulder blade, and arm. Ligaments overlap the joints to form joint capsules. Smaller muscles overlap the ligaments-most notably the rotator cuff muscles connecting the arm to the shoulder blade. On top of those muscles are bigger muscles known as global movers, which give us full function and power. Global movers provide gross force and direction while the smaller, underlying muscles provide minor corrections to smooth out and refine movements.

The shoulder is a complex and enabling joint. Its range of motion is greater than any other joint, allowing vast movement possibilities. The trade-off for such flexibility is less stability. Balanced muscular function is necessary not only for proper movement, but for providing structural support to the joint.

The path toward shoulder pain typically begins when the global movers are inhibited. Muscle inhibition is a nerve communication problem which results in weakness. It's not a muscle strength issue, otherwise a person could exercise their way out of pain. Instead, for one of many possible reasons, the muscle isn't getting the brain's message and fails to adapt when increased force is applied. Unfortunately, an individual doesn't feel muscular inhibition, but they can identify the effects or warning signs. Red flags include a feeling of upper arm weakness, tightness, or simply an indescribable feeling that something there "just isn't right." Can you put one arm behind your back and the other over your head, then grip both hands together? Inability to connect the hands signifies early shoulder dysfunction. Pain will likely develop with increased activity, if it isn't already present.

Muscles "turn off" like this for a multitude of reasons, and unfortunately, the average medical doctor, orthopedist, physical therapist, and athletic trainer have little to no education in this field. The expert to seek out is a professional applied kinesiologist or "AK doc," for short. Most AK docs are chiropractors with knowledge of acupuncture and nutrition. These are individuals trained to properly test the involved muscles for inhibition and rapidly diagnose the cause. Frequently, a solution will require joint adjustment, acupoint stimulation, homeopathic remedies, vitamins, minerals, herbs, or some combination.

If the global movers remain inhibited, the smaller muscles of the rotator cuff compensate by trying to do the work of the bigger muscles. Unfortunately, they don't have the power or mechanical leverage to achieve joint balance.

Ever drive a car for long periods with the alignment off? Doing so causes irregular tire wear and eventually a blowout. It's the same with joints. The shoulder will become inflamed and painful, not to mention prone to injury. Rotator cuffs are torn when a pitcher throws a ball and doesn't have global mover support. Imagine falling when global movers aren't up the task of cushioning the impact. When muscles fail to support joints and a stress is delivered to that joint, bones may break, and the muscles, tendons, or ligaments tear.

When any muscle fails, surrounding muscles must compensate by either increasing or decreasing muscle tone. Sometimes, if we eat and exercise properly, relieve mental stress, and get enough sleep, the body is able to heal on its own and reverse the process. However, in our modern lifestyles, this can be difficult. If a global mover fails, the smaller muscles do their best, but eventually become tight and fatigued or lethargic and weak. Time passes. Minor pains become sharp. The cuff becomes impinged, tears, or the arm can no longer be raised fully. When the arm can no longer be lifted above the shoulder, it is known as a frozen shoulder. These normally require 1-2 years for "thawing," but a good AK doc can usually fix it in 2-6 months. To find an AK doc, Google "ICAK-USA," and "Find an AK doc."

Sunday, September 30, 2012

Gynecomastia Is Associated With Several Risk Factors

Not every male gets gynecomastia, but more get it than you would think. This is likely because few people like to talk about it. If you have not been affected by this condition, there is no way to tell for sure if you ever will. However, there are some factors that may be able to tell you if you have a high chance of developing gynecomastia.

One of the most common culprits is the impact of hormones. For this reason, it is likely that if you develop this issue, it will be during puberty. Of course, this happens to be when many boys are already self-conscious and possibly being humiliated for unrelated factors, so adding excess fat on the upper body can lead to increased social issues. You should know, though, that hormones are unbalanced when you are particularly old or young, too. This means that you can develop this condition in old age, and even some newborns have it, so hormones can strike at any time and lead to excess chest fat.

If you take certain medications, you may have an increased possibility of developing gynecomastia. Not surprisingly, anything that alters you hormone levels can have an effect. This means androgens and anabolic steroids can increase your chance of facing this issue. Even anti-androgens, which are given when you are fighting certain types of cancer, can cause this problem. Additionally, your risk of getting excess fat on your chest increases when you are given medication to treat AIDS, infections, or ulcers. This does not necessarily mean you should refuse medication because of the slight risk of getting this issue. Instead, let your doctor know your concerns if you are worried about this.

Before you skip medications, it is important to note that some conditions can actually increase your risk of gynecomastia. Examples include kidney failure, hyperthyroidism, and hypogonadism, and these are just a few conditions that can lead to excess fat on the chest when left untreated. For this reason, you should not avoid treatment for these issues just because of the slight chance of excessive fat.

In addition, self-medicating can improve your chance of developing gynecomastia. For example, if you regularly drink alcohol or take recreational drugs, you may be putting yourself at risk for excess chest flab, among other issues.

It should be clear by now that this condition has several risk factors. Some of them can be controlled, while others cannot. However, either way, you have some treatment options if you do notice flab in the chest region at any age.

Friday, September 28, 2012

How Are Ovarian Cysts Diagnosed?

There are lots of women who want to know how ovarian cysts are diagnosed; maybe due to their curiosity and in preparation for the future. Ovarian cysts are found when women undergo a pelvic examination. If the doctors suspect a cyst, they often advise the patient for further testing in order to know the type of the cyst and whether treatment is needed or not. But before you know about how are ovarian cysts detected, it is best that you know first what ovarian cysts are.

What are Ovarian Cysts?

Cysts are sacs that are filled with fluids which can form anywhere within the body. These cysts are formed on or in the ovaries. Functional cyst is the commonest kind of cyst in the ovary. This type of ovarian cyst is formed during menstruation. The two kinds are:

Follicle Cysts. These types of cysts are formed when the ovary sac doesn't break for the eggs' release and it keeps on growing. Follicle cysts often go away in 3 months.
Corpus Luteum. When the sac doesn't dissolve, these cysts are formed. Instead, it is sealed off when the eggs are released then the fluids are building up inside. They may cause pain but they're rarely cancerous.
How Are Ovarian Cysts Diagnosed?

Typically, doctors will ask first the patients some questions in order to know a diagnosis. Here are some of them:

Size. What is the size of the cyst?

Composition. Is the cyst solid, filled with watery substance or mixed? Cysts that are filled with fluid are not cancerous. Those considered as mixed or solid need further evaluation in order to determine whether a tumor is present or not.

If you want to know how are ovarian cysts detected, here are some of the procedures performed by doctors.

Pregnancy test

When a pregnancy test turns positive, it might suggest that the cyst you have is corpus luteum, which develops when the follicle (ruptured) that released the eggs reseals and then fluid build-up occurs.

Pelvic ultrasound

This is a painless procedure where a transducer is utilized to send as well as receive sound waves that are high frequency (ultrasound). The instrument is movable over the abdomen and your vagina, which creates an image or picture of your ovaries and uterus on a screen. The resulting image can be photographed then analyzed by the doctors in order to confirm whether a cyst is present or not, determine its state and identify the location.


An instrument called laparoscope is used in the procedure. It is a slim and lighted medical instrument that is inserted into the abdomen through an incision (small). After the instrument was inserted, the doctor can now see the ovaries and then remove the cyst.

CA 125 blood test

Women with cancer of the ovary often have elevated CA 125. If partially solid cysts are developed in the ovary and you have high ovarian cancer risk, the doctor will test the CA 125 levels in the blood in order to determine whether the cyst is cancerous or not. Elevated levels of CA 125 can occur in conditions such as uterine fibroids, pelvic inflammatory illnesses and endometriosis. Surgeries on how are ovarian cysts removed is also available in the treatment of this medical condition.

Thursday, September 27, 2012

Reasons to See a Knee Doctor Soon After You Notice Pain in the Area

For many people, a knee doctor is a necessity when they can no longer handle the pain. The discomfort can be in one or both knees, and it can range from mild to extreme. Whether you are suffering from pain that has been around for years, or have recently been injured, you should go to a specialist to get the care you need.

If you have a lingering injury in this part of your body, choosing the right knee doctor may allow you to finally get it treated. You should not have to live with constant discomfort. If it hurts to simply walk, you need to get treatment for the issue soon. Even if it only hurts when you are particularly active, such as while working out, you need help. It can be hard to stay healthy or get in shape when you have injuries in your legs, which means this issue can have a major negative impact on your life. Do not let your quality of life diminish because you have an issue that could be treated by a specialist.

If you recently got the injury, you should go to a knee doctor as soon as possible. Many people get these types of injuries in sports, keeping them from achieving their best. If you have impressive athletic abilities, do not let them go to waste just because your knees are out of commission. In many cases, surgery will be necessary. While this requires a recovery period, you at least have a date by which you can expect to start feeling well enough to play sports again. When you let injuries go untreated out of fear of what surgery will do, you face years of discomfort, and you may not even be able to play sports at all during that time. You certainly will not be at your best anyway.

Another reason to get the injury checked out is that it could spread to other parts of your body after a while. You may find that another area of your body has had to work harder to compensate for your knees, leaving you with additional problems. In fact, when you see a knee doctor, you may find out that you have a condition that starts in your knees and spreads to the rest of the body. Therefore, getting treatment early on can alert you about such conditions.

It clearly makes sense to at least get an initial consultation from a knee doctor near you. You will find out if you have to have surgery or if there is another treatment available. At that point, you can look forward to the pain finally going away in the near future.

Monday, September 24, 2012

Walk In Clinics For Fall Care

Walk in clinics tend to be busier during the fall and winter months. If you are getting sick, it is a good idea to visit a local facility to get the medical care you need. Doing so can help you to avoid some of the more devastating and difficult types of health problems that exist. During this time of the year, the demand for healthcare goes up. However, you do not have to wait in line at your doctor's office or deal with an ER visit that takes too long. Rather, just turn to one of these immediate care providers instead.

For Prevention

One of the main reasons to visit walk in clinics at the start of the fall season is to take steps to prevent illness. These providers can offer you a flu shot, for example. This can help you to ward off the more dangerous and more limiting types of flu that may be present this year. It may also help you to get a checkup so that you are well on your way to being healthy heading into the holiday season.

Sports and School

With the start of the school year, many of these facilities see an increase in the number of students that come in. Did you know that these facilities can provide you with a large list of services? The facility can help you to get the exams and health screenings necessary to enroll in school or sports programs. If you do get injured during a sport, they can help with the diagnosis of the problem as well as the treatment plan. In addition, many children need shots prior to heading into the school year. You do not have to wait for your doctor's office to have time for this. These facilities can do it for you, too.

Handling the Cold

Once people are back to work in closed quarters or in school buildings, the increase in the amount of illness present goes up. You are more likely to become ill during the fall months than in the summer. This is the prime time to go in and see these medical facility professionals for help. You can get medications that you need. You can make sure your child's fever is under control or get strep through cultures to rule out that condition.

Walk in clinics are fast and easy to use. You do not have to have insurance to make use of them either. They can serve as a simple tool to getting you back on your feet, back to school or back to work in no time. If you need medical care, turn to these facilities as a go-to solution that is right near you.

Monday, September 17, 2012

Guide To Recovery After A Breast Augmentation

Recovering from any type of surgical procedure is no fun. When you signed up for your breast augmentation, you may have spent your time daydreaming about how you will look and flaunt your new chest. Even though you were warned that it would be a little time before you would be able to see the final results, you still couldn't help but to run and buy some new lingerie and outfits to accommodate your new figure. Before you rush and start trying things on, you need to be aware that after a breast augmentation, your body needs sufficient time to heal. The best way for your body to heal is to rest. Surgery is a form of trauma to the human body. It doesn't matter that that the surgery was done to improve your health or appearance, you need to get a good amount of rest to help your body recover properly. In addition to following your doctor's orders, you need to listen to your body as well.

Many people have a hard time sitting still and doing nothing when they are required to do so. One would think that since you need to get a large amount of rest during your recovery, that it would be easy for you to comply. Unfortunately, this is the time when most people tend to test their limits. This is one time in your life where disobeying your surgeon's orders during your recovery can come back and haunt you. Not only could you end up with some serious health complications from your breast augmentation, but you could also ruin your final results as well.

When you doctor warned you about discomfort, they really meant pain. There is a reason why they prescribed you pain medication. If you don't want to feel the pain or any discomfort that occurs as your body heals itself after your operation, you need to follow the directions for that prescription. Don't abuse or take the painkillers improperly or you could wind up in the hospital fighting for your life.

Get help. This is one of those times in life where you should not be afraid to ask for some help and assistance around the house. Much of your daily movements involve you using and moving muscles that are in your chest. Since you just had a breast augmentation, the muscles and tissues in your chest area are going to be very sore. Your breasts are going to be wrapped in bandages for a few weeks to help prevent them from moving unnecessarily, keep them properly supported and to reduce the amount of swelling you will have. Your doctor will restrict you from doing too much as far as exercise, strenuous activities, heavy lifting and certain household chores such as vacuuming. This is to give your body time to heal with the implants properly in place and to keep them from slipping out of position. Have some friends and family help out so you don't do anything to affect your recovery and healing.

Saturday, September 15, 2012

The First 3 Months After Your Knee Replacement Surgery

During your knee replacement surgery, you will be under general anaesthesia and there will be an incision made on your knee to allow surgical tools to move in and out of the knee. Once the damaged portions of the knee are removed and the artificial joints placed into the knee and attached using adhesive materials, the knee will be sutured together and you will be pushed to the recovery room.

The recovery period starts immediately after the surgery and even though you are still feeling the effects of the anaesthesia, you will be encouraged to start moving your knee. High chance are that you have not used the knee for physical activities for quite some time due to the pain which led to you undergoing the knee replacement surgery. As a result, the muscles are weak and you need to start building up and strengthen the muscles to allow better control of your new joint. A physical therapist will prescribe some physical therapy exercises for you to do yourself at home. You will be able to get discharged around 3 days after surgery and during this period, you will start to learn how to move around with the help of crutches until your knee is able to take your body weight. Once the knee is strengthened and is able to bear weight, you can slowly reduce your dependency on your crutches.

The first 3 months post surgery is a risky period as the replacement joint is still not fully attached to the surrounding muscles and tissues firmly. You knee can often give way so make sure you keep doing strengthening exercises to strengthen the region. You will also feel pain in the knees rather often during this period and this is perfectly normal. You will be prescribed painkillers but do not rely totally on the painkillers. If you notice any abnormal swelling or abnormal pain in the knee, make sure you go back to your surgeon for a check. Although the operating theatre is sterile, infection can still happen but this is rare. If you see any infection in the site of the incision, you need to go back to your surgeon as well. You should aim to regain your knee's full range of motion within this 3 months and this will help to prevent any scar tissues from building up or arthrofibrosis.

The first 3 months post surgery is totally about recovery and regaining back the functions of your knees. It is probably the toughest part of the whole surgery process and you will feel extremely useless. However it is the most important part and a bad recovery can lead to even more problems in future.